The information for these statistics are compiled from the Agricultural Resource Management Survey using a sample of approximately 11,841 farms.
In 2020, family farms accounted for 98% of total farms and 87% of total production. 89% of those farms were small family farms which, compared to 2011, showed a drop in the share of land operated by small family farms from 52% in 2011, to 48% in 2020. Likewise, the share of the value of production on small family farms declined from 26% to 20%.
However, large-scale family farms accounted for 46% of the total value of production in 2020, an increase from 35% in 2011. Large-scale family farms also accounted for an increased share of total land operated from 16% in 2011 to 24% in 2020.
More facts from the 2021 USDA report:
Large-scale family farms produce the majority of some, but not all, commodities.
Majority of the values of cotton (62%), dairy (73%) and high-value crops (57%) was produced on large-scale family farms in 2020. Small family farms produced the majority of hay (59%).
Most poultry production is done under production contracts with a contractor paying a fee to a farmer who raises poultry to maturity. Small family farms produced 49 percent of U.S.