98% of Farms are Family Owned 2020 USDA Report Finds

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2020 USDA data on farms in the United States shows little change from 2019 statistics. Contrary to what is believed by the non-farming public, the majority of farms are not owned by “big business”. In fact, 98% of all farms are family-owned.

The information for this statistic is compiled from the Agricultural Resource Management Survey using a sample of approximately 14.450 farms.

Approximately 90% of farms are considered small family farms. In 2019, small family-owned farms accounted for 49% of the land operated by farms. Family farms also accounted for 86% of production.

Non-family farms accounted for the remaining farms (2%).


The largest share of the value of farm production (44%) occurs on large-scale family farms, with the remaining 42% split between midsize and small family farms.
Nonfamily farms accounted for 14% of production.

Women in Farming

Women play a key role in over half of farm operations. They are operators in over half (51%) of all farming operations. The largest share of principal female operations are found in farms specializing in poultry and other livestock, at 31 and 30% respectively.

Commodities Breakdown Between Farm Types

Poultry and eggs and hay were produced mostly by midsize and small farms, while large-scale family farms produced mostly dairy, cotton, and high-value crops.

Large-scale family farms commodities (in descending order) were dairy, cotton, high-value crops, hogs, beef, cash grains and soybeans,


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